As we all know, China's security service industry is an emerging service industry that emerged and developed in the early days of reform and opening up. At that time, the security management system was determined in accordance with the thinking and management model of the planned economy. Security service companies were started by public security organs and public security organs. Direct leadership and management. It can be said that this system played a positive role in the early development of China's security service industry. With the gradual improvement of China's market economy, the old management system has seriously hindered the healthy and orderly development of the security service industry. Its disadvantages are reflected in: first, the integration of management and management, no distinction between government and enterprises, and the lack of business autonomy; second, monopoly operation, fixed land, and weak competition awareness; third, single investment entities, unable to establish a true modern enterprise system; Fourth, practitioners have low wages, difficult recruitment, high turnover rate, low quality, and are caught in a vicious circle. Fifth, the security market is mixed with good and bad, and lacks necessary regulations and supervision.
After joining the World Trade Organization in 2001, China will fully integrate into the world's economic integration. All walks of life will face not only competition from the domestic market, but also greater competition from all aspects of the international market, as will the security industry, especially After the implementation of the Security Service Management Regulations (hereinafter referred to as the "Regulations"), China's security industry is facing huge challenges and opportunities. The survival of the fittest is the law of nature and the basic law of the market economy. Therefore, in order to survive the fierce competition, we must strengthen ourselves, and the restructuring of existing security service companies has become an inevitable choice for the security industry to adapt to market competition.
Development Trend of Security Service Industry
With the promulgation and implementation of the "Regulations", China's security service industry has ushered in the opportunity of leaping development. An open, well-supervised and sustainable development of modern security service market will gradually take shape. This is mainly manifested in the following aspects:
The first is the standardization of security service management. After the "Regulations" came into effect, the separation of management and management was implemented, and public security organs no longer directly operated security service companies, which helped them better perform their supervisory responsibilities.
The second is the diversification of security service subjects. According to the relevant provisions of the Regulations, as long as qualified units and individuals can apply to start a security service enterprise.
Third, the quality and level of security services will be significantly improved. Due to the diversification of security service entities and the diversification of investment channels, market competition will gradually be formed, and competition will help to continuously improve the quality of security services and the level of security services.
Fourth, the scope of security services has been continuously expanded. While orderly competition in security services, due to the increasing demand for security services in the society, and also greatly promote the development of the security service industry itself, the scope and fields of security services will be continuously expanded and extended.
Existing restructuring model of security service companies
The "Regulations" make relevant provisions for the establishment of security service companies, which means that the security service market will be further opened, investment entities will be more diversified, and more social capital, especially private capital, will be injected into the security industry, bringing to the industry With unprecedented challenges and opportunities, China's security industry will usher in a new development climax. There are many forms of enterprise restructuring, such as sole proprietorship, joint ventures, and shares. As a special industry, security service companies must actively seek a restructuring model that meets their own development. With the implementation of the "Regulations", the Ministry of Public Security has issued and issued the "Notice on the Concentrated Development of the" Regulations on the Management of Security Services "Publicity Week" and the "Measures on the Implementation of Regulations on the Management of Security Services by Public Security Organs", which strengthened the "Regulations" Publicizing and implementing the work, local public security organs, security associations, and security service companies took action one after another, while learning and using the "Regulations", actively exploring new ideas for the reform of security service companies.
The first is the reform of the shareholding system. The reform of the security service company's shareholding system is guided by the Central Government's Decision on Several Major Issues in the Reform and Development of State-Owned Enterprises, and in accordance with the relevant policies and regulations of the state and its provincial and municipal state-owned enterprise reform, a modern enterprise system has been established to achieve clear property rights Clear powers and responsibilities, separate government and enterprise, scientific management purpose. Organize security service companies to carry out asset verification and asset evaluation, and formulate a restructuring implementation plan. According to the implementation plan, state-owned assets were bought out by the new company after the restructuring, and all state-owned assets were withdrawn. In the new company, employees of the original company form a joint-stock company limited by shares. The original company's creditor's rights and debts will be fully accepted by the new company, and the employees will be completely accepted and resettled by the new company, and the labor contract will be re-signed. Security service companies in some provinces and cities have carried out corporate shareholding reforms and reorganized and developed companies.
The second is the group operation model. Through mergers, reorganizations, etc., the implementation of strong and powerful alliances to expand the size of enterprises, strive for economies of scale, improve competitiveness and anti-risk capabilities. Security service companies are labor-intensive companies with limited market resources. How to integrate resources and continuously improve the market competitiveness of enterprises is one of the issues that the industry is constantly thinking about. At present, some security service companies in China have embarked on the road of group operation, and gradually formed economies of scale, which have a greater influence locally and even across the country. The market has verified that the continuous improvement and development of security service companies by taking the path of grouping can enable enterprises to have strong strength and strong anti-risk capabilities. For example, Wuhan Security Group Co., Ltd., Kunming Security (Group) Co., Ltd., Hainan Golden Eagle Security Group Co., Ltd., etc. have all embarked on a model of strong and powerful, group operation.
Reflections on the restructuring of security service companies
At present, the reforms carried out by security service companies across the country are being explored. There are many ways and means of reforms, both fast and slow. With the further implementation of the "Regulations", security authorities and security service companies in various places have proceeded from the actual situation and actively explored reforms that meet the requirements of the "Regulations" and their own development needs. Here are some views on the actual situation of security work in Zhejiang Province and the individual's understanding of the system reform of security service companies.
1. Feasible plan for restructuring the security service company.
The first is the overall transfer, that is, on the basis of clearing assets and verifying capital, the employees of the police and public security organs who specialize in administrative and business establishments who work in security service companies are transferred from the company back to the public security organs, and the entire security service company (including human resources, property, and creditors' rights) Debt) is transferred to the local government's state-owned assets department for management.
The second is agreement transfer, that is, on the basis of clearing assets and verifying capital, the entire package of security service companies (including employee claims and debts) is transferred to units or individuals, mainly to existing company managers and employees. This form needs to go through Provincial and municipal departments issued consent.
The third is public auction, that is, on the basis of clearing assets and checking capital, after evaluation, the security service company is packaged as a whole (including employee debts and debts) into the property right trading center and publicly auctioned to the public.
The fourth is partial opening and government holding, which is based on the stability of the domestic security market after the restructuring and adopts a two-step approach of partial opening and government holding.
Fifth, the main body is changed and the system is unchanged. The main body of the security service company's investment after the restructuring will be changed to the state-owned asset management department and other forms of the same system.
Second, the main points of security service company restructuring.
The first is to recognize the new situation in the security industry. Taking full account of the brutality of competition in the security industry in a market economy environment, and to be well prepared to deal with competition, we must start from the aspects of national stability, the overall strategic framework of the industry, social security maintenance, and the construction of a mass defense and mass governance system. The advantages of the enterprise, seize the opportunity, establish the positioning of security service products, and establish a security service model that has its own characteristics and meets the needs of social development.
The second is to learn advanced security concepts. For more than two decades, the public security organs have been stationing civilian police in the management of security enterprises, which makes the management of security enterprises in China obviously with a strong administrative color. After the restructuring of existing security service companies, the management methods and methods of the original security companies will be eliminated to varying degrees. Learn to apply corporate management methods under the conditions of a contemporary market economy, absorb advanced foreign security management concepts to meet the requirements of a socialist market economy, standardize and improve the corporate legal person system, establish clear property rights, clear responsibilities, separate government and enterprise management, scientific management, Modern security enterprise management system with standardized operation.
The third is to train high-quality security teams. As a tertiary industry, to survive and develop, security service companies must improve service quality and win the market with service quality. Cultivating high-quality talents is the key to providing high service quality. The ultimate competition of enterprises is the competition of talents. Therefore, it is necessary to grasp the cultivation of talents as the top priority for the development and growth of the company. By introducing security human resource management supporting modern enterprises System to improve the quality of security team construction.
The fourth is to properly handle personnel issues. It is very important to properly handle the personnel-residence relationship during the restructuring process, especially the management-residence status of the police in a security service company and the retention and retention of security department managers, security team leaders, and management cadres hired in the existing society. It is also very important. Proper handling of the company's existing employees is a major issue in this restructuring, and it is also a key point. Therefore, after the restructuring, issues related to personnel retention and treatment of security enterprises must be properly treated, scientific decisions made, handled and coordinated to ensure the stability of enterprise employees.
The fifth is to deal with financial issues scientifically. Throughout China's security service enterprises, most security service companies are established by borrowing funds from public security organs and complete their original accumulation through independent operation. Although security service companies operate independently and bear their own profits and losses, in the early stage of development, if there is no public security agency The strong support of the security service company will surely make it difficult. At the same time, the management staff is the mainstay of the company's development and the main force for the company to complete its capital accumulation. Therefore, the financial issues in the process of restructuring must fully consider the interests of all parties. Asset details and balance the relationship between the state, the collective and the individual.
The restructuring of a security service company is a brand-new job. There is no ready experience to follow. It is a difficult and complex task that needs to be carried out gradually and steadily in a considerable period. Restructuring can be of various forms, but no matter how the restructuring is carried out, it should be in the perspective of being conducive to the scientific development of the security service industry, serving the economic and social development, being conducive to the role of auxiliary security police, and being beneficial to security personnel. Only in this way, the reform of the security service company will be better and better, more and more standardized, more developed, and the overall quality of the team will be higher and higher, and the industry will be market-oriented, professional, professional, and legal. Development in the direction of development and embark on the road of sustainable development.