Behind "0" to "4.21 million"
27 years of extraordinary history in China's security service industry
Xinhuanet, Beijing, August 31 (Reporters Zou Wei and Cui Qingxin) China's security service industry is 27 years old this year.
The Ministry of Public Security, the All-China Federation of Trade Unions, and the Communist Youth League Central Committee will jointly convene a conference to commend a group of advanced security service companies and outstanding security officers. This is the third national security appraisal and commendation activity jointly held by the Ministry of Public Security, the All-China Federation of Trade Unions, and the Communist Youth League Central Committee after 2000 and 2005.
Witness the glorious moment. Looking back on the course of China's security service industry in the past 27 years, while seeing its achievements, it is full of expectations for its development prospects.
Grow into the largest security team in the world
In December 1984, a security company was established in Shekou District, Shenzhen to provide security services for society and enterprises. It marked the birth of a new industrial security service industry in China. In July 1988, the State Council approved the "Report on the Establishment of Security Service Companies" by the Ministry of Public Security. Since then, security service companies in various regions have gradually developed.
From birth to development, from small to strong, over the past 27 years, with the great attention of the Party Central Committee and the State Council, and with the support of the people, China's security service industry has continued to develop:
From September 20 to 21, 2006, the "2006 Beijing International Security Symposium" co-sponsored by the Public Security Administration of the Ministry of Public Security and the Beijing Public Security Bureau was held at the Beijing International Convention Center. The conference focused on the opportunities and challenges facing the security industry. Olympic security discussions;
From November 27th to 30th, 2007, the National Security Professional Skills Competition Final was held in Chengdu, and 372 security elites selected from the middle-level security personnel of 3 million national security personnel participated in the final;
On November 28, 2007, the directors of public security agencies in charge of security work in the provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities of the country gathered in Chengdu, Sichuan Province to participate in the National Security Work Symposium held by the Ministry of Public Security;
On February 25, 2008, the Legislative Affairs Office of the State Council publicly solicited opinions on the "Regulations on the Management of Security Services (Draft)";
On October 13, 2009, Premier Wen Jiabao signed the Regulations on the Management of Security Services;
On January 1, 2010, the "Regulations on the Administration of Security Services" came into effect
Today, China has become the country with the most members of the security team in the world. As of the end of 2010, there were 2,966 security service companies nationwide, with 4.21 million security personnel. Security services have evolved from a single air defense service to a comprehensive security service system that integrates air defense, technical defense, dog defense, escort, and security risk assessment.
Establish rules and regulations
What kind of person is eligible for security? What kind of security do ordinary people need? What if the employer instructs the security guard to violate the law? Who runs the security company? With the development of the security service industry, more and more new problems and challenges are facing people, and the standards and supervision of the security service industry are also increasingly strengthened.
With China's first administrative regulation regulating security service activities, the "Regulations on the Management of Security Services," officially implemented in 2010, the security service market was opened to society, and the monopoly of departments and regional blockades were broken. This fundamental change signifies that the special industry of security services has entered a brand new stage on the track of market opening.
It is such a far-reaching management regulation that it has gone through 13 spring and autumn from being included in the agenda of legislative work to its promulgation. In fact, in 27 years of practice, the Ministry of Public Security's security service work has always adhered to the principle of pruning branches, irrigating and fertilizing the big tree of the security service industry, using regulations and strict supervision to regulate each One step development.
In February 2000, the Ministry of Public Security promulgated the "Several Provisions of the Ministry of Public Security on the Standardized Management of Security Service Companies", which unified the management of the security service industry in the form of internal documents. In March of the same year, the Ministry of Public Security held a meeting in Shenzhen to comprehensively summarize the development experience of the security service industry since 1984, and made five unified work requirements, namely unified leadership, unified approval, unified training, unified management, unified clothing and equipment. .
In response to the status of the security service industry at that time and the existing public security problems, the Ministry of Public Security launched three special rectifications to clean up illegal security organizations and regulate the security service market nationwide in May 1990, November 1997, and December 2002. Work, banned a group of illegal security organizations, and purified the security team.
In addition, the Ministry of Public Security has formulated and issued many documents and regulations, which clearly define and regulate the nature, business scope, and management system of security service companies; adopted a number of effective measures to strengthen management and educate the security team Provisions were made for training, duty services, and occupational level assessment; the pre-post training, on-the-job training, and occupational promotion systems for security guards were improved, which effectively promoted the healthy development of the security team.
Show your strengths in building a harmonious society
In the continuous development and expansion of the security service industry, the security business has evolved from a single human defense to a comprehensive security service network and security business that integrates civil defense, technical defense, dog defense, escort, security consulting, and labor export. Already walked into everyone's life.
This army of more than 4 million people plays an indispensable role in promoting social employment, serving economic life, maintaining social order, and meeting public safety needs, and has become an indispensable helper for public security police.
In the past 27 years, the security industry has promoted social employment and opened up and enriched new employment channels. Currently, more than 4.2 million security guards are mostly from rural surplus labor, veterans, and urban laid-off workers. With the continuous development of the security service industry, the strength of security service companies everywhere has continued to increase and created significant economic benefits. Security service companies such as Beijing, Shanghai, Wuhan, Shenyang, and Hangzhou Xiacheng have become large local taxpayers. By the end of 2010, national security service companies had paid annual profits and taxes of 2.04 billion yuan.
For 27 years, the security service industry has directly participated in the maintenance of public order and has become an important guardian of the people's sense of security. Each year's "two sessions", APEC meeting, Beijing Olympic Games, 60th Anniversary Celebration of National Day, Shanghai World Expo, Guangzhou Asian Games, Xi'an Garden Expo, a well-trained and well-served security team, work in the security of various large-scale events Show style. In 2010 alone, security practitioners and security guards from various places participated in a total of 30,500 security guards for large-scale activities, dispatched 1.2116 million security guards, participated in 20,200 emergencies, and dispatched security guards. 41 10,000 person-times, providing 160,600 clues for solving cases, seizing 142,100 criminal suspects, preventing 61,900 disaster accidents, and directly recovering economic losses of 5.737 billion yuan for customers and the masses.
Over the past 27 years, more and more security service companies have participated in social welfare undertakings, contributing to building a harmonious socialist society. In July 2001, the security systems in Guangdong and Inner Mongolia donated to build the nation's first security love primary school in Inner Mongolia Taijizhao Security Love Primary School. In October 2001, Beijing Security Service Corporation donated money in Kuancheng Manchu Autonomous County, Hebei Province. Construction of "Beijing Security Hope Primary School"; In August 2007, Shenzhen Futian District Security Service Company donated 160,000 yuan of relief materials to the flood-stricken area in Anhui; after the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake, security service companies around the country donated donations totaling 3.1 million yuan; 2010 After the Yushu earthquake in 2015, security service companies around the world actively donated
Over the past 27 years, the majority of security personnel have actively participated in social management, played an important role of auxiliary police, and made outstanding contributions to protecting the lives and property of the country, collectives, and individuals. In 2010 alone, security officers across the country provided more than 160,600 clues to the public security organs, assisted the public security organs in capturing 142,100 criminal suspects, and prevented 61,900 disaster accidents. Individuals recovered 5.737 billion yuan in economic losses, 17 security guards died across the country, and 3715 security guards were injured
In the first year of the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan", China's security service industry is standing at the key node of the past and the future. As this industry becomes more and more standardized, China's security service industry will surely have more outstanding talents to push it forward. New prosperity.